Schematic maps: Cognitive tools for enhancing the early stages of counseling

Jennifer L. Peel, Donald F. Dansereau, Sandra Dees

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The purpose of the present studies was to explore the utility of schematic maps as tools for the early stages of both peer and self- counseling. In experiment 1 (self-counseling), 42 students from undergraduate general psychology classes participated to fulfill course requirements. Participants were assigned to either a schematic map or essay group. They first extracted information about their alcohol related behavior patterns and then analyzed the patterns from the perspective of a counselor. In experiment 2 (peer counseling), 38 students from upper division psychology courses participated for extra credit. Participants were asked to evaluate behavior patterns, in the form of maps or essays, which were presented either in the same form as they were extracted or were transposed to the other format. In both studies, assessment consisted of questionnaires that addressed the usefulness of the tools in the counseling process. Schematic maps are potentially powerful tools for both self- and peer counseling. For self- counseling, maps were preferred over traditional essay writing. In addition, the subjective reaction to maps as tools for peer counseling was positive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-437
Number of pages15
JournalAmerican Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)


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