Schematic maps: Cognitive tools for enhancing the early stages of counseling

Jennifer L Peel, Donald F. Dansereau, Sandra Dees

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of the present studies was to explore the utility of schematic maps as tools for the early stages of both peer and self- counseling. In experiment 1 (self-counseling), 42 students from undergraduate general psychology classes participated to fulfill course requirements. Participants were assigned to either a schematic map or essay group. They first extracted information about their alcohol related behavior patterns and then analyzed the patterns from the perspective of a counselor. In experiment 2 (peer counseling), 38 students from upper division psychology courses participated for extra credit. Participants were asked to evaluate behavior patterns, in the form of maps or essays, which were presented either in the same form as they were extracted or were transposed to the other format. In both studies, assessment consisted of questionnaires that addressed the usefulness of the tools in the counseling process. Schematic maps are potentially powerful tools for both self- and peer counseling. For self- counseling, maps were preferred over traditional essay writing. In addition, the subjective reaction to maps as tools for peer counseling was positive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-437
Number of pages15
JournalAmerican Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Volume22
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Counseling
Students
Psychology
Alcohols

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Schematic maps : Cognitive tools for enhancing the early stages of counseling. / Peel, Jennifer L; Dansereau, Donald F.; Dees, Sandra.

In: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, Vol. 22, No. 3, 1996, p. 423-437.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Peel, Jennifer L ; Dansereau, Donald F. ; Dees, Sandra. / Schematic maps : Cognitive tools for enhancing the early stages of counseling. In: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. 1996 ; Vol. 22, No. 3. pp. 423-437.
@article{26fd025f1e054772a38c5de45ccd48c6,
title = "Schematic maps: Cognitive tools for enhancing the early stages of counseling",
abstract = "The purpose of the present studies was to explore the utility of schematic maps as tools for the early stages of both peer and self- counseling. In experiment 1 (self-counseling), 42 students from undergraduate general psychology classes participated to fulfill course requirements. Participants were assigned to either a schematic map or essay group. They first extracted information about their alcohol related behavior patterns and then analyzed the patterns from the perspective of a counselor. In experiment 2 (peer counseling), 38 students from upper division psychology courses participated for extra credit. Participants were asked to evaluate behavior patterns, in the form of maps or essays, which were presented either in the same form as they were extracted or were transposed to the other format. In both studies, assessment consisted of questionnaires that addressed the usefulness of the tools in the counseling process. Schematic maps are potentially powerful tools for both self- and peer counseling. For self- counseling, maps were preferred over traditional essay writing. In addition, the subjective reaction to maps as tools for peer counseling was positive.",
author = "Peel, {Jennifer L} and Dansereau, {Donald F.} and Sandra Dees",
year = "1996",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "22",
pages = "423--437",
journal = "American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse",
issn = "0095-2990",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Schematic maps

T2 - Cognitive tools for enhancing the early stages of counseling

AU - Peel, Jennifer L

AU - Dansereau, Donald F.

AU - Dees, Sandra

PY - 1996

Y1 - 1996

N2 - The purpose of the present studies was to explore the utility of schematic maps as tools for the early stages of both peer and self- counseling. In experiment 1 (self-counseling), 42 students from undergraduate general psychology classes participated to fulfill course requirements. Participants were assigned to either a schematic map or essay group. They first extracted information about their alcohol related behavior patterns and then analyzed the patterns from the perspective of a counselor. In experiment 2 (peer counseling), 38 students from upper division psychology courses participated for extra credit. Participants were asked to evaluate behavior patterns, in the form of maps or essays, which were presented either in the same form as they were extracted or were transposed to the other format. In both studies, assessment consisted of questionnaires that addressed the usefulness of the tools in the counseling process. Schematic maps are potentially powerful tools for both self- and peer counseling. For self- counseling, maps were preferred over traditional essay writing. In addition, the subjective reaction to maps as tools for peer counseling was positive.

AB - The purpose of the present studies was to explore the utility of schematic maps as tools for the early stages of both peer and self- counseling. In experiment 1 (self-counseling), 42 students from undergraduate general psychology classes participated to fulfill course requirements. Participants were assigned to either a schematic map or essay group. They first extracted information about their alcohol related behavior patterns and then analyzed the patterns from the perspective of a counselor. In experiment 2 (peer counseling), 38 students from upper division psychology courses participated for extra credit. Participants were asked to evaluate behavior patterns, in the form of maps or essays, which were presented either in the same form as they were extracted or were transposed to the other format. In both studies, assessment consisted of questionnaires that addressed the usefulness of the tools in the counseling process. Schematic maps are potentially powerful tools for both self- and peer counseling. For self- counseling, maps were preferred over traditional essay writing. In addition, the subjective reaction to maps as tools for peer counseling was positive.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030058461&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030058461&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 8841689

AN - SCOPUS:0030058461

VL - 22

SP - 423

EP - 437

JO - American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

JF - American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

SN - 0095-2990

IS - 3

ER -