Schedule of voucher delivery influences initiation of cocaine abstinence

Kimberly C. Kirby, Douglas B. Marlowe, David S. Festinger, Richard J Lamb, Jerome J. Platt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined whether voucher delivery arrangements affect treatment outcome. First, 90 cocaine-dependent adults were randomly assigned to behavioral counseling or counseling plus vouchers for cocaine-free urine samples. The value of each voucher was low at the beginning but increased as the patient progressed (Voucher Schedule 1). Voucher Schedule 1 produced no improvements relative to counseling only. Next, 23 patients received vouchers on either Voucher Schedule I or Voucher Schedule 2. Voucher Schedule 2 began with high voucher values, but requirements for earning vouchers increased as the patient progressed. Average durations of cocaine abstinence were 6.9 weeks on Voucher Schedule 2 versus 2.0 weeks on Voucher Schedule 1 (p = .02). This confirms that vouchers can assist in initiating abstinence and that voucher delivery arrangements are critical.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)761-767
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Volume66
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cocaine
Appointments and Schedules
Counseling
Urine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Schedule of voucher delivery influences initiation of cocaine abstinence. / Kirby, Kimberly C.; Marlowe, Douglas B.; Festinger, David S.; Lamb, Richard J; Platt, Jerome J.

In: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Vol. 66, No. 5, 10.1998, p. 761-767.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kirby, Kimberly C. ; Marlowe, Douglas B. ; Festinger, David S. ; Lamb, Richard J ; Platt, Jerome J. / Schedule of voucher delivery influences initiation of cocaine abstinence. In: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 1998 ; Vol. 66, No. 5. pp. 761-767.
@article{6b3fde2905774e8980573051bb4269b3,
title = "Schedule of voucher delivery influences initiation of cocaine abstinence",
abstract = "This study examined whether voucher delivery arrangements affect treatment outcome. First, 90 cocaine-dependent adults were randomly assigned to behavioral counseling or counseling plus vouchers for cocaine-free urine samples. The value of each voucher was low at the beginning but increased as the patient progressed (Voucher Schedule 1). Voucher Schedule 1 produced no improvements relative to counseling only. Next, 23 patients received vouchers on either Voucher Schedule I or Voucher Schedule 2. Voucher Schedule 2 began with high voucher values, but requirements for earning vouchers increased as the patient progressed. Average durations of cocaine abstinence were 6.9 weeks on Voucher Schedule 2 versus 2.0 weeks on Voucher Schedule 1 (p = .02). This confirms that vouchers can assist in initiating abstinence and that voucher delivery arrangements are critical.",
author = "Kirby, {Kimberly C.} and Marlowe, {Douglas B.} and Festinger, {David S.} and Lamb, {Richard J} and Platt, {Jerome J.}",
year = "1998",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1037/0022-006X.66.5.761",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "66",
pages = "761--767",
journal = "Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology",
issn = "0022-006X",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Schedule of voucher delivery influences initiation of cocaine abstinence

AU - Kirby, Kimberly C.

AU - Marlowe, Douglas B.

AU - Festinger, David S.

AU - Lamb, Richard J

AU - Platt, Jerome J.

PY - 1998/10

Y1 - 1998/10

N2 - This study examined whether voucher delivery arrangements affect treatment outcome. First, 90 cocaine-dependent adults were randomly assigned to behavioral counseling or counseling plus vouchers for cocaine-free urine samples. The value of each voucher was low at the beginning but increased as the patient progressed (Voucher Schedule 1). Voucher Schedule 1 produced no improvements relative to counseling only. Next, 23 patients received vouchers on either Voucher Schedule I or Voucher Schedule 2. Voucher Schedule 2 began with high voucher values, but requirements for earning vouchers increased as the patient progressed. Average durations of cocaine abstinence were 6.9 weeks on Voucher Schedule 2 versus 2.0 weeks on Voucher Schedule 1 (p = .02). This confirms that vouchers can assist in initiating abstinence and that voucher delivery arrangements are critical.

AB - This study examined whether voucher delivery arrangements affect treatment outcome. First, 90 cocaine-dependent adults were randomly assigned to behavioral counseling or counseling plus vouchers for cocaine-free urine samples. The value of each voucher was low at the beginning but increased as the patient progressed (Voucher Schedule 1). Voucher Schedule 1 produced no improvements relative to counseling only. Next, 23 patients received vouchers on either Voucher Schedule I or Voucher Schedule 2. Voucher Schedule 2 began with high voucher values, but requirements for earning vouchers increased as the patient progressed. Average durations of cocaine abstinence were 6.9 weeks on Voucher Schedule 2 versus 2.0 weeks on Voucher Schedule 1 (p = .02). This confirms that vouchers can assist in initiating abstinence and that voucher delivery arrangements are critical.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031724348&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031724348&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/0022-006X.66.5.761

DO - 10.1037/0022-006X.66.5.761

M3 - Article

C2 - 9803694

AN - SCOPUS:0031724348

VL - 66

SP - 761

EP - 767

JO - Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

JF - Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

SN - 0022-006X

IS - 5

ER -