Safety Assessment of Ethanolamine and Ethanolamine Salts as Used in Cosmetics

Monice M. Fiume, Bart A. Heldreth, Wilma F. Bergfeld, Donald V. Belsito, Ronald A. Hill, Curtis D. Klaassen, Daniel C. Liebler, James G. Marks, Ronald C. Shank, Thomas J. Slaga, Paul W. Snyder, F. Alan Andersen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel (Panel) assessed the safety of ethanolamine and 12 salts of ethanolamine as used in cosmetics. Ethanolamine functions as a pH adjuster. The majority of the salts are reported to function as surfactants, and the others are reported to function as pH adjusters, hair fixatives, or preservatives. The Panel reviewed available animal and clinical data, as well as information from previous relevant CIR reports. Because data were not available for each individual ingredient and because the salts dissociate freely in water, the Panel extrapolated from those previous reports to support safety. The Panel concluded that these ingredients are safe in the present practices of use and concentrations (rinse-off products only) when formulated to be nonirritating, and these ingredients should not be used in cosmetic products in which N-nitroso compounds may be formed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84S-98S
JournalInternational journal of toxicology
Volume34
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cosmetics
  • ethanolamine
  • safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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    Fiume, M. M., Heldreth, B. A., Bergfeld, W. F., Belsito, D. V., Hill, R. A., Klaassen, C. D., Liebler, D. C., Marks, J. G., Shank, R. C., Slaga, T. J., Snyder, P. W., & Andersen, F. A. (2015). Safety Assessment of Ethanolamine and Ethanolamine Salts as Used in Cosmetics. International journal of toxicology, 34, 84S-98S. https://doi.org/10.1177/1091581815596439