Safety and feasibility of esophageal self- expandable metal stent placement without the aid of fluoroscopy

S. Saligram, D. Lim, L. Pena, M. Friedman, C. Harris, J. Klapman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) are used for the management of certain esophageal conditions such as strictures, perforations, and fistulae. These can be placed using fluoroscopic control, endoscopic control, or a combination of both. We evaluated our institutional experience of placing a SEMS using only endoscopy without the aid of fluoroscopy to determine safety and feasibility using this technique. A retrospective review was performed to identify all patients who underwent esophageal SEMS from January 2010 to June 2015. Placement of SEMS was accomplished under direct endoscopic visualization without the aid of fluoroscopy. Esophageal lesion was initially identified during endoscopy and a fully covered SEMS was passed over the guide wire and deployed under direct vision. Misplacement of the SEMS during the procedure that required replacement with another new SEMS was considered as a failed procedure. Other periprocedural complications caused by placement of SEMS were noted. A total of 172 patients underwent 280 procedures for SEMS placement. Mean age was 66 years. The most common indication for SEMS placement was stricture in 248 (88%) procedures. Periprocedure SEMS misplacement occurred in 12 (4%) patients. However, only 8 (3%) patients needed to have a new SEMS placed during the same procedure. A total of 64 (23%) patients had migration of SEMS. There were no other periprocedure complications leading to adverse events. Self-expandable metal stent can be placed accurately and safely under direct endoscopic visualization without the aid of fluoroscopy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalDiseases of the Esophagus
Volume30
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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