Safety and Efficacy of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 Inhibitors in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients

Helen Sweiss, Leah Selznick, Jillian Contreras, Christina Long, Reed Hall, Suverta Bhayana, Rupal Patel, Kelsey Klein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) may be effective in reducing body weight and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) post-kidney transplantation. Limited literature exists on use of these agents outside of kidney transplant. The purpose of this program evaluation was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of SGLT2i in kidney, liver, and lung transplant recipients. Methods: This was a retrospective program evaluation of adult kidney, liver, and lung transplant recipients between August 31, 2016 and July 31, 2021. Patients initiated on SGLT2i for diabetes for a minimum of 90 days with at least 1 follow-up appointment were screened for inclusion. Outcomes were compared between SGLT2i initiation to nadir values 3-12-months post-initiation. Outcomes included change in hemoglobin A1c, fasting blood glucose, actual body weight, and body mass index. Safety outcomes included adverse effects, cardiovascular events, death-censored graft loss, and all-cause mortality. Results: Forty-nine patients met inclusion criteria, (26 liver, 18 kidney, 4 lung, and 1 simultaneous liver-kidney recipient). The median time from transplant to SGLT2i initiation was 1216 days (IQR 524-2256). Glycemic and weight loss outcomes showed a statistically significant benefit from SGLT2i use. Total safety outcome incidence was minimal at 12 months. No patient experienced myocardial infarctions, graft loss, or mortality at 3-12 months. One incidence of urinary tract infection and stroke occurred each. The most common adverse effects included hypotension and hypoglycemia. Conclusion: This program evaluation demonstrated that SGLT2i can be used safely in solid organ transplant recipients. These agents can provide an additional non-insulin agent for post-transplant diabetes mellitus management in solid organ transplant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-265
Number of pages5
JournalProgress in Transplantation
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2023

Keywords

  • SGLT2i
  • cardiovascular disease
  • clinical outcomes
  • diabetes
  • novel diabetes agents
  • posttransplant
  • type 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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