We report that rottlerin, a plant-derived compound known to inhibit various mammalian kinases, profoundly inhibited chlamydial growth in cell culture with a minimal inhibition concentration of 1 μM. The inhibition was effective even when rottlerin was added as late as the middle stage of chlamydial infection cycle, against multiple Chlamydia species, and in different host cell lines. Pretreatment of host cells with rottlerin prior to infection also blocked chlamydial growth, suggesting that rottlerin targets host factors. Moreover, rottlerin did not alter the chlamydial infection rate and did not directly target chlamydial protein synthesis and secretion. The rottlerin-mediated inhibition of chlamydial replication and inclusion expansion correlated well with the rottlerin-induced blockade of host cell sphingolipid trafficking from the Golgi apparatus into chlamydial inclusions. These studies not only allowed us to identify a novel antimicrobial activity for rottlerin but also allowed us to uncover a potential mechanism for rottlerin inhibition of chlamydial growth.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology