The role of endogenous secretin in basal and fat-stimulated pancreatic exocrine secretion was investigated in conscious rats. Rats were prepared with chronic fistulas draining bile and pancreatic juice, which was collected and returned to the duodenum at all times. Six days postoperative rats were fasted overnight, and pancreatic protein and fluid secretion were monitored for 3 h under basal conditions (0.15 M NaCl, intra- duodenally) and during 2 h of intraduodenal infusion of a 20% triglyceride emulsion (Liposyn). Solutions were infused at 4.6 ml/h. Rats received a single bolus injection of 0.1 ml antisecretin serum or normal rabbit serum starting in the second hour of the basal period, and the effect on basal and fat-stimulated pancreatic protein and fluid secretion was determined. Antisecretin serum significantly inhibited basal interdigestive pancreatic protein and fluid secretion by 43% and 36%, respectively. Infusion of 20% fat emulsion stimulated a 2.1-fold increase in pancreatic protein and fluid secretion. The stimulation of both protein and fluid secretion was significantly inhibited by 60% by antisecretin serum. Plasma secretin after 2 h of fat infusion was 17.7 ± 1.8 pM and was greatly reduced by the presence of secretin antiserum. The results support the hypothesis that secretin released by fatty acids is an important mediator of the pancreatic protein and fluid secretory response to dietary fat in the rat.
ASJC Scopus subject areas