Role of Reactive Oxygen Species in Endothelin-Induced Hypertension

Mona H. Sedeek, Maria T. Llinas, Heather Drummond, Lourdes Fortepiani, Sean R. Abram, Barbara T. Alexander, Jane F. Reckelhoff, Joey P. Granger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

111 Scopus citations


Recent reports have indicated that endothelin-induced vasoconstriction in isolated aortic vascular rings may be mediated by the production of superoxide anion. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of superoxide anion in mediating the chronic renal and hypertensive actions of endothelin. Endothelin-1 (5 pmol/kg per minute) was chronically infused into the jugular vein by use of mini-osmotic pump for 9 days in male Sprague-Dawley rats and in rats treated with the superoxide anion scavenger tempol (30 mg/kg per day). Mean arterial pressure in the endothelin-1-treated rats was 141±3 mm Hg, compared with 125±2 mm Hg in control rats. Endothelin-1 increased renal vascular resistance (15.3±2.5 versus 10±1.3 mm Hg/mL per minute) and decreased renal plasma flow (6.5±0.9 versus 8.7±0.7 mL/min) in control rats. Endothelin-1 also significantly increased TBARS in the kidney and urinary 8-isoprostaglandin F excretion. The increase in arterial pressure in response to endothelin-1 was completely abolished by tempol (127±4 versus 127±4 mm Hg). Tempol also markedly attenuated the renal plasma flow and renal vascular resistance response to endothelin-1. Tempol also significantly decreased the level of 8-isoprostaglandin F in the endothelin-1-treated rats. Tempol had no effect on arterial pressure or renal hemodynamics in control rats. These data indicate that formation of reactive oxygen species may play an important role in mediating hypertension induced by chronic elevations in endothelin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)806-810
Number of pages5
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Anions
  • Endothelin
  • Hemodynamics
  • Hypertension, chronic
  • Vasoconstriction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine


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