Diallyl sulfide (DAS), a major flavor component of garlic (Allium sativum) that has previously been shown to inhibit colon carcinogenesis in experimental animals, was investigated for its ability to reduce acute colonic mucosal injury following γ-ray exposure. Female C57BL/6J mice received either vehicle or DAS (200 mg/kg) by gavage 3 h prior to a single, whole body dose of radiation from a “Co source. After 24 h, animals were killed and their colons were excised, fixed, and sectioned. DAS significantly inhibited nuclear aberration formation (a measure of nuclear damage) over a radiation dose range of 0.5 to 10 Gy. The degree of protection was related to the dose of DAS and the compound was ineffective if given after irradiation. Following 6 Gy, both DNA synthesis in vivo (measured by [3HJthymidine incorporation into DNA) and the activity of ornithine decarboxylase (an important regulator of DNA synthesis) were elevated for more than 14 days. The induction of both these parameters was significantly suppressed by administering DAS prior to radiation exposure. To determine the role of polyamine synthesis in affecting the severity of radiation damage in the large intestine, difluoromethylornithine, an ornithine decarboxylase inhibitor, was administered in the drinking water of the animals 24 h prior to and following radiation treatment. Difluoromethylornithine abolished the ability of DAS to reduce colonic nuclear damage caused by radiation exposure. Thus DAS protects against colonic radiation injury via a polyamine-dependent pathway.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Sep 15 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research