Role of neuropeptide Y in the regulation of gonadotropin releasing hormone system in the forebrain of Clarias batrachus (Linn.): Immunocytochemistry and high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometric analysis

A. Gaikwad, K. C. Biju, P. L. Muthal, S. Saha, N. Subhedar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although the importance of neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the regulation of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) and reproduction has been highlighted in recent years, the neuroanatomical substrate within which these substances might interact has not been fully elucidated. Present work was undertaken with a view to define the anatomical-physiological correlates underlying the role exercised by NPY in the regulation of GnRH in the forebrain of the teleost Clarias batrachus. Application of double immunocytochemistry revealed close associations as well as colocalizations of the two peptides in the olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs), olfactory nerve fibers and their terminals in the glomeruli, ganglion cells of nervus terminalis, medial olfactory tract, fibers in the area ventralis telencephali/pars supracommissuralis and cells as well as fibers in the pituitary. NPY containing axons were found to terminate in the vicinity of GnRH cells in the pituitary with light as well as electron microscopy. Double immunoelectron microscopy demonstrated gold particles for NPY and GnRH colocalized on the membrane and in dense core of the secretory granules in the cells distributed in all components of the pituitary gland. To assess the physiological implication of these observations, NPY was injected via the intracranial route and the response of GnRH immunoreactive system was evaluated by relative quantitative morphometry as well as high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis. Two hours following NPY (20 ng/g body weight) administration, a dramatic increase was observed in the GnRH immunoreactivity in the ORNs, in the fibers of the olfactory bulb (163%) and medial olfactory tract (351%). High performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometric analysis confirmed the immunocytochemical data. Significant rise in the salmon GnRH (sGnRH)-like peptide content was observed in the olfactory organ (194.23%), olfactory bulb (146.64%), telencephalon+preoptic area (214.10%) and the pituitary (136.72%) of the NPY-treated fish. However, GnRH in the hypothalamus was below detection limit in the control as well as NPY-treated fish. Present results suggest the involvement of NPY in the up-regulation of sGnRH containing system at different level of neuraxis extending from the olfactory epithelium to the pituitary in the forebrain of C. batrachus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)267-279
Number of pages13
JournalNeuroscience
Volume133
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 31 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Immunoelectron microscopy
  • Neuroendocrine regulation
  • Neuropeptides
  • Olfactory receptor neurons
  • Olfactory system
  • Teleost

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Role of neuropeptide Y in the regulation of gonadotropin releasing hormone system in the forebrain of Clarias batrachus (Linn.): Immunocytochemistry and high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometric analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this