Role of extracellular superoxide dismutase in hypertension

Maria Carolina Gongora, Zhenyu Qin, Karine Laude, Ha Won Kim, Louise McCann, J. Rodney Folz, Sergey Dikalov, Tohru Fukai, David G. Harrison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

138 Scopus citations

Abstract

We previously found that angiotensin II-induced hypertension increases vascular extracellular superoxide dismutase (ecSOD), and proposed that this is a compensatory mechanism that blunts the hypertensive response and preserves endothelium-dependent vasodilatation. To test this hypothesis, we studied ecSOD-deficient mice. ecSOD and C57Blk/6 mice had similar blood pressure at baseline; however, the hypertension caused by angiotensin II was greater in ecSOD compared with wild-type mice (168 versus 147 mm Hg, respectively; P<0.01). In keeping with this, angiotensin II increased superoxide and reduced endothelium-dependent vasodilatation in small mesenteric arterioles to a greater extent in ecSOD than in wild-type mice. In contrast to these findings in resistance vessels, angiotensin II paradoxically improved endothelium-dependent vasodilatation, reduced intracellular and extracellular superoxide, and increased NO production in aortas of ecSOD mice. Whereas aortic expression of endothelial NO synthase, Cu/ZnSOD, and MnSOD were not altered in ecSOD mice, the activity of Cu/ZnSOD was increased by 80% after angiotensin II infusion. This was associated with a concomitant increase in expression of the copper chaperone for Cu/ZnSOD in the aorta but not in the mesenteric arteries. Moreover, the angiotensin II-induced increase in aortic reduced nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase activity was diminished in ecSOD mice as compared with controls. Thus, during angiotensin II infusion, ecSOD reduces hypertension, minimizes vascular superoxide production, and preserves endothelial function in resistance arterioles. We also identified novel compensatory mechanisms involving upregulation of copper chaperone for Cu/ZnSOD, increased Cu/ZnSOD activity, and decreased reduced nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase activity in larger vessels. These compensatory mechanisms preserve large vessel function when ecSOD is absent in hypertension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)473-481
Number of pages9
JournalHypertension
Volume48
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2006

Keywords

  • Angiotensin II
  • Endothelium
  • Hypertension, experimental
  • Nitric oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Role of extracellular superoxide dismutase in hypertension'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this