Role of AMPK and PPARα in the anti-skin cancer effects of ursolic acid

Jacob J. Junco, Jiyoon Cho, Anna Mancha, Gunjan Malik, Sung Jen Wei, Dae Joon Kim, Huiyun Liang, John DiGiovanni, Thomas J. Slaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The phytonutrient ursolic acid (UA), present in apples, rosemary, and other plant sources, has anti-cancer properties in a number of systems, including skin cancers. However, few reports have examined upstream mechanisms by which UA may prevent or treat cancer. Recent reports have indicated UA induces death of cancer cell lines via AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), an energy-sensing kinase which possesses both pro-metabolic and anti-cancer effects. Other studies have shown UA activates peroxisome proliferator activated receptor α (PPARα) and the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). Here, we found the cytotoxic effect of UA in skin carcinoma cells required AMPK activation. In addition, two inhibitors of PPARα partially reversed the cytotoxic effects of UA, suggesting its effects are at least partially mediated through this receptor. Finally, inhibition of the GR did not reverse the effects of UA nor did this compound bind the GR under the conditions of experiments performed. Overall, studies elucidating the anti-cancer effects of UA may allow for the development of more potent analogues utilizing similar mechanisms. These studies may also reveal the mediators of any possible side effects or resistance mechanisms to UA therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1698-1706
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Carcinogenesis
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2018


  • AMP-activated protein kinases
  • neoplasms
  • phytochemicals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research


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