RNA Polymerase II Binding Patterns Reveal Genomic Regions Involved in MicroRNA Gene Regulation

Guohua Wang, Yadong Wang, Changyu Shen, Yi wen Huang, Kun Huang, Tim H.M. Huang, Kenneth P. Nephew, Lang Li, Yunlong Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs involved in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Due to the poor annotation of primary microRNA (pri-microRNA) transcripts, the precise location of promoter regions driving expression of many microRNA genes is enigmatic. This deficiency hinders our understanding of microRNA-mediated regulatory networks. In this study, we develop a computational approach to identify the promoter region and transcription start site (TSS) of primicroRNAs actively transcribed using genome-wide RNA Polymerase II (RPol II) binding patterns derived from ChIP-seq data. Based upon the assumption that the distribution of RPol II binding patterns around the TSS of microRNA and protein coding genes are similar, we designed a statistical model to mimic RPol II binding patterns around the TSS of highly expressed, well-annotated promoter regions of protein coding genes. We used this model to systematically scan the regions upstream of all intergenic microRNAs for RPol II binding patterns similar to those of TSS from protein coding genes. We validated our findings by examining the conservation, CpG content, and activating histone marks in the identified promoter regions. We applied our model to assess changes in microRNA transcription in steroid hormone-treated breast cancer cells. The results demonstrate many microRNA genes have lost hormone-dependent regulation in tamoxifen-resistant breast cancer cells. MicroRNA promoter identification based upon RPol II binding patterns provides important temporal and spatial measurements regarding the initiation of transcription, and therefore allows comparison of transcription activities between different conditions, such as normal and disease states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere13798
JournalPloS one
Volume5
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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    Wang, G., Wang, Y., Shen, C., Huang, Y. W., Huang, K., Huang, T. H. M., Nephew, K. P., Li, L., & Liu, Y. (2010). RNA Polymerase II Binding Patterns Reveal Genomic Regions Involved in MicroRNA Gene Regulation. PloS one, 5(11), [e13798]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0013798