Risk of peritoneal dialysis catheter-associated peritonitis following kidney transplant

Andrew M. Rizzi, Stephen D. Riutta, Joshua M. Peterson, Galina Gagin, Danielle M. Fritze, Meredith Barrett, Randall S. Sung, Kenneth J. Woodside, Yee Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Objective: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients have equivalent or slightly better kidney transplant outcomes when compared to hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, given the risk for postoperative infection, we sought to determine the risk factors for PD catheter-associated infections for patients who do not have the PD catheter removed at the time of engraftment. Methods: Demographic and outcomes data were collected from 313 sequential PD patients who underwent kidney transplant from 2000 to 2015. Risk factors for postoperative peritonitis were analyzed using logistical regression. Results: Of 329 patients with PD catheters at transplant, 16 PD catheters were removed at engraftment. Of the remaining 313 patients, 8.9% suffered post-transplant peritonitis. On univariate analysis, patients with peritonitis were significantly more likely to have used the PD catheter or HD within 6 weeks after transplant. Multivariate analysis had similar findings, with increased risk for those using the PD catheter after transplant, with a trend for those who underwent HD only within 6 weeks of transplant. Conclusion: These results suggest that delayed graft function requiring any type of dialysis is associated with increased post-transplant peritonitis risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere13189
JournalClinical Transplantation
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • kidney transplantation
  • perioperative management
  • peritoneal dialysis catheter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation


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