Despite remarkable therapeutic advances in the management of patients with heart failure (HF), the mortality due to this syndrome remains high. Identifying free-living individuals who are at high risk for developing HF may allow implementing strategies that can prevent HF. Prospective epidemiologic studies have identified several risk factors and risk markers for HF. This article reviews current knowledge regarding conventional and newer risk markers for HF, outlines possible underlying mechanisms for the increased HF risk, and provides a framework for clinical multivariate risk prediction using HF risk factors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Medicine