Risk factors for heart failure

Satish Kenchaiah, Jagat Narula, Ramachandran S. Vasan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

101 Scopus citations


Despite remarkable therapeutic advances in the management of patients with heart failure (HF), the mortality due to this syndrome remains high. Identifying free-living individuals who are at high risk for developing HF may allow implementing strategies that can prevent HF. Prospective epidemiologic studies have identified several risk factors and risk markers for HF. This article reviews current knowledge regarding conventional and newer risk markers for HF, outlines possible underlying mechanisms for the increased HF risk, and provides a framework for clinical multivariate risk prediction using HF risk factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1145-1172
Number of pages28
JournalMedical Clinics of North America
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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