Ribavirin revisited in the era of direct-acting antiviral therapy for hepatitis C virus infection

Jordan J. Feld, Ira M. Jacobson, Mark S. Sulkowski, Fred Poordad, Fernando Tatsch, Jean Michel Pawlotsky

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations


Over the past two decades, ribavirin has been an integral component of treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, where it has been shown to improve the efficacy of (pegylated) interferon. However, because of treatment-limiting side effects and its additive toxicity with interferon, the search for interferon- and ribavirin-free regimens has been underway. The recent approvals of all-oral direct acting antivirals (DAAs) have revolutionized the HCV therapeutic landscape, and initially it was expected that the role of ribavirin with DAA regimens would be eliminated. On the contrary, what we have witnessed is that ribavirin retains an important role in the optimal treatment of some subgroups of patients, particularly those that historically have been considered the most difficult to cure. Fortunately, it has also been recognized that the safety profile of ribavirin is improved when co-administered with all-oral DAA combinations in the absence of interferon. Despite the antiviral mechanism of action of ribavirin being poorly understood, we now have a range of novel insights into the potential role of ribavirin in all-oral DAA HCV treatment and greater insight into the antiviral mechanism by which it continues to provide clinical benefit for defined patient groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-18
Number of pages14
JournalLiver International
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017


  • direct-acting antiviral
  • hepatitis C virus
  • interferon-free
  • ribavirin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology


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