Rfg1, a protein related to the Saccharomyces cerevisiae hypoxic regulator Rox1, controls filamentous growth and virulence in Candida albicans

D. Kadosh, A. D. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

127 Scopus citations


Candida albicans, the major fungal pathogen in humans, can undergo a reversible transition from ellipsoidal single cells (blastospores) to filaments composed of elongated cells attached end to end. This transition is thought to allow for rapid colonization of host tissues, facilitating the spread of infection. Here, we report the identification of Rfg1, a transcriptional regulator that controls filamentous growth of C. albicans in an environment-dependent manner. Rfg1 is important for virulence of C. albicans in a mouse model and is shown to control a number of genes that have been implicated in this process. The closest relative to Rfg1 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is Rox1, a key repressor of hypoxic genes. However, Rfg1 does not appear to play a role in the regulation of hypoxic genes in C. albicans. These results demonstrate that a regulatory protein that controls the hypoxic response in S. cerevisiae controls filamentous growth and virulence in C. albicans. The observations described in this paper raise new and intriguing questions about the evolutionary relationship between these processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2496-2505
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Mar 28 2001


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this