Review of Commercially Available Supraglottic Airway Devices for Prehospital Combat Casualty Care

Steven G. Schauer, Grant B. Copeland, Danielius J. Zilevicius, Carlos N. Bedolla, Andres L. Islas, Marisa N. Guerra, Sophia J. Salazar, Robert A. De Lorenzo, Steven G. Schauer, R. Lyle Hood

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Airway obstruction is the second leading cause of potentially survivable death on the battlefield. The Committee on Tactical Combat Casualty Care lists airway optimization among the top 5 battlefield research and development priorities; however, studies show that combat medics lack access to the recommended supraglottic airway (SGA) devices. SGA devices are an alternative airway management technique to endotracheal tube intubation. Reports have shown SGA devices are easier to use and take fewer attempts to provide patent airflow to the patient when compared to endotracheal tube intubation. Military settings require a higher degree of skill to perform airway management on patients due to the environment, limited availability of equipment, and potential chaos of the battlefield. Finding the optimal SGA device for the military setting is an unmet need. The International Organization for Standardization describes basic functional requirements for SGA devices, as well as patient configurations and size limitations. Beyond that, no SGA device manufacturer states that their devices are intended for military settings. Materials and Methods: We conducted a market review of 25 SGA devices that may meet inclusion into the medics' aid bag. The company's official "Instructions for Use"document, Google Scholar, and FDA reports were reviewed to obtain information for each SGA device. Results: Twenty-five commercially available SGA devices are explored from manufacturer online sources. A commercially available device list is shown later in this paper, which provides the device's features, indications, and contraindications based on the manufacturer's product information documentation. Conclusions: There are a variety of devices that require further testing to determine whether they should be included in sets, kits, and outfits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E862-E876
JournalMilitary medicine
Volume187
Issue number7-8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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