Reverse remodeling and prognosis following kidney transplantation in contemporary patients with cardiac dysfunction

Nael Hawwa, Kevin Shrestha, Muhammad Hammadah, Poh Shuan Daniel Yeo, Richard Fatica, W. H. Wilson Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Cardiac dysfunction influences candidate selection for kidney transplantation. There is a paucity of data regarding predictors of myocardial recovery following kidney transplantation and long-term outcomes. Objectives The purpose of this study was to identify the extent of reverse remodeling in our kidney transplant population and the predictors of such changes, and to assess outcomes in these patients. Methods We reviewed 232 patients who underwent kidney transplantation at the Cleveland Clinic from 2003 to 2013 and who had baseline and post-transplant echocardiograms; patients with simultaneous heart transplantation were excluded. Results Post-transplantation mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) improved in those with LV dysfunction (increased from 41% to 50%; p < 0.0001; n = 66). There was significant improvement in other parameters, including diastolic function, LV end-diastolic dimension, LV mass, and right ventricular systolic pressure. After adjusting for multiple clinical variables, increased hemoglobin following transplantation was associated with an improved LVEF (odds ratio: 1.50; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.07 to 2.14; p = 0.016) and reduced mortality (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.65; 95% CI: 0.49 to 0.87; p = 0.004). An improved LVEF <10% predicted survival independently of a pre-transplantation LVEF (HR: 0.46; 95% CI: 0.21 to 0.93; p = 0.031). Conclusions Kidney transplantation is associated with improved cardiac structure and function. A rise in post-transplantation hemoglobin was a significant factor associated with such changes, in addition to conferring a survival advantage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1779-1787
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume66
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 20 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • anemia
  • cardiorenal syndrome
  • heart failure
  • reverse remodeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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