OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to compare the clinical effectiveness and complications of externally and internally covered stents for the treatment of benign urethral strictures. MATERIALS AND METHODS. From July 2002 to June 2010, 59 retrievable self-expandable polytetrafluoroethylene- covered nitinol stents were placed in 33 men with benign urethral strictures. These included 34 internally covered stents placed in 18 patients (group I) and 25 externally covered stents in 15 patients (group E). Stents were routinely removed 4 months after placement from patients who experienced no complications. Complications, duration of stent placement, removal techniques, and maintained patency rates were compared in the two groups. RESULTS. Twenty-eight complications (82.4%) occurred in 15 patients in group I, whereas 12 complications (48%) occurred in six patients in group E (p = 0.005). Three (16.7%) patients in group I and nine (60%) in group E had their stents electively removed without complications (p = 0.010). Stent migration was more frequent in group I (47.1%) than in group E (24.0%). No tissue ingrowth was detected in group E, whereas six cases of tissue ingrowth occurred in group I (p = 0.034). The standard technique was used more frequently in group E (70.8%). The median stent indwelling period was significantly shorter in group I than in group E (51.5 vs 114 days; p = 0.34). CONCLUSION. Despite their relatively high complication rates, externally covered stents are more effective with fewer complications than internally covered stents in the treatment of benign urethral strictures.
- Externally covered stent
- Urethral stent placement
- Urethral stricture
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging