Reticulocalbin 3 Is a Novel Mediator of Glioblastoma Progression

Yi He, Salvador Alejo, Jessica D. Johnson, Sridharan Jayamohan, Gangadhara R. Sareddy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Glioblastoma is the most common malignant primary brain tumor. Molecular mechanisms underlying the pathobiology of glioblastoma are incompletely understood, emphasizing an unmet need for the identification of new therapeutic candidates. Reticulocalbin 3 (RCN3), an ER lumen-residing Ca2+ binding protein, plays an essential role in protein biosynthesis processes via the secretory pathway. Emerging studies demonstrated that RCN3 is a target for therapeutic intervention in various diseases. However, a knowledge gap exists about whether RCN3 plays a role in glioblastoma. Publicly available datasets suggest RCN3 is overexpressed in glioblastoma and portends poor survival rates. The knockdown or knockout of RCN3 using shRNA or CRISPR/Cas9 gRNA, respectively, significantly reduced proliferation, neurosphere formation, and self-renewal of GSCs. The RNA-seq studies showed downregulation of genes related to translation, ribosome, and cytokine signaling and upregulation of genes related to immune response, stem cell differentiation, and extracellular matrix (ECM) in RCN3 knockdown cells. Mechanistic studies using qRT-PCR showed decreased expression of ribosomal and increased expression of ER stress genes. Further, in silico analysis of glioblastoma patient datasets showed RCN3 expression correlated with the ribosome, ECM, and immune response pathway genes. Importantly, the knockdown of RCN3 using shRNA significantly enhanced the survival of tumor-bearing mice in orthotopic glioblastoma models. Our study suggests that RCN3 could be a potential target for the development of a therapeutic intervention in glioblastoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2008
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 2023


  • endoplasmic reticulum
  • glioblastoma
  • glioma stem cells
  • reticulocalbin 3
  • ribosome
  • translation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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