Retention of minority participants in clinical research studies

Colleen S. Keller, Adelita G Cantu, K. Jill Fleuriet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Recruitment of minority participants for clinical research studies has been the topic of several analytical works. Yet retention of participants, most notably minority and underserved populations, is less reported and understood, even though these populations have elevated health risks. This article describes two related, intervention-based formative research projects in which researchers used treatment theory to address issues of recruitment and retention of minority women participants in an exercise program to reduce obesity. Treatment theory incorporates a model of health promotion that allows investigators to identify and control sources of extraneous variables. The authors' research demonstrates that treatment theory can improve retention of minority women participants by considering critical inputs, mediating processes, and substantive participant characteristics in intervention design.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)292-306
Number of pages15
JournalWestern Journal of Nursing Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Interventions
  • Minorities
  • Obesity
  • Physical activity
  • Treatment theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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