Resveratrol blocks interleukin-18-EMMPRIN cross-regulation and smooth muscle cell migration

Balachandar Venkatesan, Anthony J. Valente, Venkatapuram Seenu Reddy, Deborah A. Siwik, Bysani Chandrasekar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


Vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) migration is an important mechanism in atherogenesis and postangioplasty arterial remodeling. Previously, we demonstrated that the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-18 is a potent inducer of SMC migration. Since extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) stimulates ECM degradation and facilitates cell migration, we investigated whether IL-18 and EMMPRIN regulate each other's expression, whether their cross talk induces SMC migration, and whether the phytoalexin resveratrol inhibits IL-18-EMMPRIN signaling and SMC migration. Our studies demonstrate that 1) IL-18 induces EMMPRIN mRNA and protein expressions and stimulates EMMPRIN secretion from human aortic SMCs; 2) IL-18 stimulates EMMPRIN expression via oxidative stress and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt-ERK signaling; 3) IL-18-stimulated SMC migration is significantly blunted by EMMPRIN knockdown, EMMPRIN function-blocking antibodies, or adenoviral transduction of mutant EMMPRIN; 4) conversely, EMMPRIN stimulates IL-18 expression and secretion via PI3K, Akt, and ERK; and 5) resveratrol attenuates IL-18- and EMMPRIN-mediated PI3K, Akt, and ERK activations; blunts IL-18-mediated oxidative stress; blocks IL-18-EMMPRIN cross-regulation; and inhibits SMC migration. Collectively, our results demonstrate that the coexpression and regulation of IL-18 and EMMPRIN in the vessel wall may amplify the inflammatory cascade and promote atherosclerosis and remodeling. Resveratrol, via its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, has the potential to inhibit the progression of atherosclerosis by blocking IL-18 and EMMPRIN cross-regulation and SMC migration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H874-H886
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Atherogenesis
  • Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer
  • Proinflammatory cytokines
  • Restenosis
  • Signal transduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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