Resveratrol ameliorates high glucose-induced protein synthesis in glomerular epithelial cells

Myung Ja Lee, Denis Feliers, Kavithalakshmi Sataranatarajan, Meenalakshmi M. Mariappan, Manli Li, Jeffrey L. Barnes, Goutam Ghosh Choudhury, Balakuntalam S. Kasinath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

High glucose-induced protein synthesis in the glomerular epithelial cell (GEC) is partly dependent on reduction in phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). We evaluated the effect of resveratrol, a phytophenol known to stimulate AMPK, on protein synthesis. Resveratrol completely inhibited high glucose stimulation of protein synthesis and synthesis of fibronectin, an important matrix protein, at 3 days. Resveratrol dose-dependently increased AMPK phosphorylation and abolished high glucose-induced reduction in its phosphorylation. We examined the effect of resveratrol on critical steps in mRNA translation, a critical event in protein synthesis. Resveratrol inhibited high glucose-induced changes in association of eIF4E with eIF4G, phosphorylation of eIF4E, eEF2, eEF2 kinase and, p70S6 kinase, indicating that it affects important events in both initiation and elongation phases of mRNA translation. Upstream regulators of AMPK in high glucose-treated GEC were explored. High glucose augmented acetylation of LKB1, the upstream kinase for AMPK, and inhibited its activity. Resveratrol prevented acetylation of LKB1 and restored its activity in high glucose-treated cells; this action did not appear to depend on SIRT1, a class III histone deacetylase. Our data show that resveratrol ameliorates protein synthesis by regulating the LKB1-AMPK axis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-70
Number of pages6
JournalCellular Signalling
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

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Keywords

  • AMP-activated protein kinase
  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • LKB1
  • Protein synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Lee, M. J., Feliers, D., Sataranatarajan, K., Mariappan, M. M., Li, M., Barnes, J. L., Choudhury, G. G., & Kasinath, B. S. (2010). Resveratrol ameliorates high glucose-induced protein synthesis in glomerular epithelial cells. Cellular Signalling, 22(1), 65-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cellsig.2009.09.011