Response of plasma norepinephrine concentration to the vasodepression caused by β-adrenoceptor antagonists in the conscious spontaneously hypertensive rat

T. Kent Keeton, James S. Hall, Ana M. Biediger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The subcutaneous administration of a single dose of the β-adrenoceptor antagonists atenolol, betaxolol, oxprenolol, pindolol, propranolol, or sotalol to conscious spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) lowered mean arterial pressure (MAP) by 15-20%, but this vasodepression was not accompanied by a rise in plasma norepinephrine (NE) concentration. When MAP was decreased at the same rate and to the same extent with the vasodilator minoxidil, plasma NE concentration increased 50-75%. Atenolol, betaxolol, propranolol, and sotalol lowered heart rate, whereas oxprenolol, pindolol, and minoxidil elicited a tachycardia. Atenolol (-48%), betaxolol (-63%), and propranolol (-29%) significantly suppressed plasma renin activity (PRA), and minoxidil elevated PRA by 150-315%. Pindolol (+37%) caused a nonsignificant increase in PRA, and oxprenolol (-23%) and sotalol (-17%) produced nonsignificant decreases in PRA. Because the β-adrenoceptor antagonists did not increase plasma NE concentration, whereas an equivasodepressor dose of minoxidil did, we conclude that plasma NE concentration is inappropriately low relative to the decrease in MAP caused by β-adrenoceptor antagonists in the conscious SHR. In addition, the diverse effects of the β-adrenoceptor antagonists on PRA in SHRs indicate that a suppression of renin release cannot account for either the decrease in MAP caused by these drugs or the failure of plasma NE concentration to increase when MAP is decreased by β-adrenoceptor antagonists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)356-362
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1987

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Minoxidil
  • Plasma norepinephrine concentration
  • Plasma renin activity
  • Spontaneously hypertensive rat
  • β-adrenoceptor antagonists

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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