Reslizumab in the management of poorly controlled asthma: The data so far

Diego Jose Maselli, Maria Ines Velez, Linda Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Interleukin-5, an important cytokine in the pathophysiology of asthma, participates in terminal maturation and increases chemotaxis, endothelial adhesion, and activation of eosinophils. Blockade of interleukin-5 activity with monoclonal antibodies have been successful in decreasing eosinophil counts. Reslizumab, a monoclonal antibody that targets interleukin-5, has been studied for the treatment of severe asthma. Several studies have shown that reslizumab can effectively treat severe asthma with an eosinophilic phenotype. Compared to placebo, patients treated with reslizumab had a reduction in the rates of asthma exacerbations and experienced improvement in FEV1 and asthma control questionnaires scores as early as 4 weeks after the therapy was initiated. Reslizumab was not effective in various asthma outcomes in patients without eosinophilia. The adverse events reported were similar in both treatment and placebo groups. Patients should be observed immediately after treatment because anaphylaxis may occur rarely (0.3%) after exposure to reslizumab. Future surveillance studies are still needed to establish the risks of malignancy and safety during pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-162
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Asthma and Allergy
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 31 2016

Keywords

  • Anti-IL-5
  • Eosinophilic asthma
  • IL-5 antibody
  • IL-5 blockage
  • Reslizumab
  • Sch 55700
  • Severe asthma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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