Resection of brain metastases previously treated with stereotactic radiosurgery

Giacomo G. Vecil, Dima Suki, Marcos V.C. Maldaun, Frederick F. Lang, Raymond Sawaya

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Object. To date, no report has been published on outcomes of patients undergoing resection for brain metastases who were previously treated with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Consequently, the authors reviewed their institutional experience with this clinical scenario to assess the efficacy of surgical intervention. Methods. Sixty-one patients (each harboring three or fewer brain lesions), who were treated at a single institution between June 1993 and August 2002 were identified. Patient charts and their neuroimaging and pathological reports were retrospectively reviewed to determine overall survival rates, surgical complications, and recurrence rates. A univariate analysis revealed that patient preoperative recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) classification, primary disease status, preoperative Karnofsky Performance Scale score, type of focal treatment undergone for nonindex lesions, and major postoperative surgical complications were factors that significantly affected survival (p ≤ 0.05). In contrast, only the RPA class and focal (conventional surgery or SRS) treatment of nonindex lesions significantly (or nearly significantly) affected survival in the multivariate analysis. Major neurological complications occurred in only 2% of patients. The median time to distant recurrence after resection was 8.4 months; that to local recurrence was not reached. The overall median survival time was 11.1 months, with 25% of patients surviving 2 or more years. Conventional surgery facilitated tapering of steroid administration. Conclusions. The complication, morbidity, survival, and recurrence rates are consistent with those seen after conventional surgery for recurrent brain metastases. Our results indicate that in selected patients with a favorable RPA class in whom nonindex lesions are treated with focal modalities, surgery can provide long-term control of SRS-treated lesions and positively affect overall survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-215
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of neurosurgery
Volume102
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2005

Keywords

  • Brain metastases
  • Complication
  • Prognostic factor
  • Radiosurgery
  • Resection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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    Vecil, G. G., Suki, D., Maldaun, M. V. C., Lang, F. F., & Sawaya, R. (2005). Resection of brain metastases previously treated with stereotactic radiosurgery. Journal of neurosurgery, 102(2), 209-215. https://doi.org/10.3171/jns.2005.102.2.0209