Repression of autocrine transforming growth factor beta 1 and beta 2 in quiescent CBS colon carcinoma cells leads to progression of tumorigenic properties.

S. P. Wu, L. Z. Sun, J. K. Willson, L. Humphrey, R. Kerbel, M. G. Brattain

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Previous work has shown that repression of negative autocrine transforming growth factor (TGF) beta 1 did not alter the growth rate of a human colon carcinoma cell line, but the time required for the cells to enter exponential growth from lag phase was reduced (S. P. Wu, D. Theodorescu, R. Kerbel, J. K. V. Willson, K. M. Mulder, L. E. Humphrey, and M. G. Brattain, J. Cell Biol., 116: 187-196, 1992). These results have led to the hypothesis that the tumor suppressive activity of autocrine TGF-beta 1 was directed at quiescent nondividing cells rather than actively dividing cells. In order to test this hypothesis, a weakly tumorigenic, well-differentiated human colon carcinoma cell line designated CBS, which expressed autocrine TGF-beta 1 and -beta 2 activity in quiescent cells, but not in exponential growth phase cells, was identified. This cell line was stably transfected with a full-length TGF-beta 1 antisense complementary DNA. Constitutive expression of TGF-beta 1 antisense mRNA in CBS cells resulted in repression of autocrine TGF-beta 1 and -beta 2 protein activity in quiescent cells of approximately 10-fold. TGF-beta 2 repression could have been due to interaction with TGF-beta 1 antisense mRNA, since these two isoforms have a high degree of homology, or it could have been indirectly due to TGF-beta 1 repression, since this isoform has been shown to affect transcriptional and posttranscriptional control of TGF-beta 2.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-123
Number of pages9
JournalCell growth & differentiation : the molecular biology journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1993
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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