Reorganization of destabilized nodes of Ranvier in βiv spectrin mutants uncovers critical timelines for nodal restoration and prevention of motor paresis

Julia Saifetiarova, Qian Shi, Martin Paukert, Masayuki Komada, Manzoor Bhat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Disorganization of nodes of Ranvier is associated with motor and sensory dysfunctions. Mechanisms that allow nodal recovery during pathological processes remain poorly understood. A highly enriched nodal cytoskeletal protein βIV spectrin anchors and stabilizes the nodal complex to actin cytoskeleton. Loss of murine βIV spectrin allows the initial nodal organization, but causes gradual nodal destabilization. Mutations in human βIV spectrin cause auditory neuropathy and impairment in motor coordination. Similar phenotypes are caused by nodal disruption due to demyelination. Here we report on the precise timelines of nodal disorganization and reorganization by following disassembly and reassembly of key nodal proteins in βIV spectrin mice of both sexes before and after βIV spectrin re-expression at specifically chosen developmental time points. We show that the timeline of nodal restoration has different outcomes in the PNS and CNS with respect to nodal reassembly and functional restoration. In the PNS, restoration of nodes occurs within 1 month regardless of the time of βIV spectrin re-expression. In contrast, the CNS nodal reorganization and functional restoration occurs within a critical time window; after that, nodal reorganization diminishes, leading to less efficient motor recovery. We demonstrate that timely restoration of nodes can improve both the functional properties and the ultrastructure of myelinated fibers affected by long-term nodal disorganization. Our studies, which indicate a critical timeline for nodal restoration together with overall motor performance and prolonged life span, further support the idea that nodal restoration is more beneficial if initiated before any axonal damage, which is critically relevant to demyelinating disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6267-6282
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume38
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 11 2018

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Keywords

  • Axonal health
  • Motor coordination
  • Myelination
  • Nerve conduction
  • Nodal restoration
  • Nodes of ranvier

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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