Renal ischemic injury in the dog: Characterization and effect of various pharmacologic agents

R. M. Lewis, J. H. Rice, M. K. Patton, J. L. Barnes, A. E. Nickel, R. W. Osgood, T. Fried, J. H. Stein

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10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Renal ischemia has been implicated as a major factor in the pathogenesis of acute renal failure. Despite several differences between the intrarenal norepinephrine infusion and renal artery occlusion models, they have been assumed to be prototypic models of ischemic renal injury. In our previous studies, an intrarenal infusion of norepinephrine caused a marked reduction in inulin clearance 3 hours after infusion. This reduction could be significantly attenuated by the concurrent infusion of mannitol, furosemide, or bradykinin. The effects of these three protective agents were evaluated before and after variable durations of renal artery occlusion to establish the similarities between the models and the magnitude of versatility of these protective agents. In the renal artery occlusion model, capsular fascia was stripped to seliminate collateral flow and ensure maximal renal ischemia. Three hours after 120 minutes of renal artery occlusion (n = 7), inulin clearance returned to 5.7% ± 2.2% (SEM) of the control values and was not statistically different from that observed in the norepinephrine model. Intrarenal infusion of mannitol, furosemide, or bradykinin prior to and during the occlusion period, however, had no protective effect. Shorter durations of renal artery occlusion were evaluated to ensure an equivalent or decreased severity of acute renal failure compared with the norepinephrine model. After 90 or 60 minutes of renal artery occlusion, the clearance of inulin returned to 10.9% ± 3.3% (n = 8) and 31.1% ± 8.2% (n = 4) of control values, respectively. An inrarenal infusion of mannitol, furosemide, or bradykinin still had no significant protective effect, despite the decreased insult in the 60-minute renal artery occlusion studies. In summary, these findings demonstrate fundamental differences between renal artery occlusion and the norepinephrine model of renal functional impairment, and they suggest that the insult associated with norepinephrine infusion may involve factors other than cessation of blood flow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)470-479
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
Volume104
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 13 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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