Renal and pressor effects of aminoguanidine in cirrhotic rats with ascites

Ma Clara Ortíz, Lourdes A. Fortepiani, Concepción Martínez, Noemí M. Atucha, Joaquín García-Estañ

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent work indicates that nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in the systemic and renal alterations of liver cirrhosis. This study used aminoguanidine (AG), a preferential inhibitor of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), to evaluate the role of this NOS isoform in the systemic and renal alterations of an experimental model of liver cirrhosis with ascites (carbon tetrachloride/phenobarbital). Experiments have been performed in anesthetized cirrhotic rats and their respective control rats prepared for clearance studies. Administration of AG (10 to 100 mg/kg, iv) elevated dose- dependent mean arterial pressure (MAP in mm Hg) n the cirrhotic rats from a basal level of 79.3 ± 3.6 to 115.0 ± 4.7, whereas in the control animals. MAP increased only with the highest dose of the inhibitor (from 121.8 ± 3.6 to 133.3 ± 1.4). In the cirrhotic group, AG also significantly increased sodium and water excretion, whereas these effects were very modest in the control group. Plasma concentration of nitrates+nitrites, measured as an index of NO production, were significantly increased in the cirrhotic animals in the basal period and decreased with AG to levels not significantly different from the control animals. Similar experiments performed with the nonspecific NOS inhibitor Nω-nitro-L-arginine (NNA) also demonstrated an increased pressor sensitivity of the cirrhotic rats, but the arterial hypotension was completely corrected. These results, in an experimental model of liver cirrhosis with ascites, shaw that AG exerts a beneficial effect as a result of inhibition of NO production, increasing blood pressure and improving the reduced excretory function. Because NNA, but not AG, completely normalized the arterial hypotension, it is suggested that the constitutive NOS isoform is also contributing in an important degree. It is concluded that the activation of both inducible and constitutive NOS isoforms plays an important role in the lower systemic blood pressure and associated abnormalities that characterize liver cirrhosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2694-2699
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume7
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Arterial pressure
  • Ascites
  • Kidney
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Nitric oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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    Ortíz, M. C., Fortepiani, L. A., Martínez, C., Atucha, N. M., & García-Estañ, J. (1996). Renal and pressor effects of aminoguanidine in cirrhotic rats with ascites. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 7(12), 2694-2699.