Religion/spirituality and adolescent health outcomes: A review

Sian Cotton, Kathy Zebracki, Susan L. Rosenthal, Joel Tsevat, Dennis Drotar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

273 Scopus citations


Religion/spirituality is important to adolescents, is usually considered a protective factor against a host of negative health outcomes, and is often included in adolescent health outcomes research. Previous reviews of the relationship among spirituality, religion, and adolescent health have been limited by scope, focusing primarily on distal aspects of religion/spirituality (e.g., attendance at religious services). We reviewed the literature examining proximal domains of religion/spirituality (e.g., spiritual coping) in adolescent health outcomes research. Constructs such as spiritual coping and religious decision-making were the ones most often studied and were generally positively associated with health outcomes. Measurement of proximal domains, associations of proximal domains with health outcomes, methodological issues and recommendations for future research were covered in this review.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)472-480
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Adolescents
  • Health outcomes
  • Religion
  • Spirituality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


Dive into the research topics of 'Religion/spirituality and adolescent health outcomes: A review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this