Relative abuse liability of diazepam and oxazepam: Behavioral and subjective dose effects

Roland R. Griffiths, Daniel R. McLeod, George E. Bigelow, Ira A. Liebson, John D. Roache

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of diazepam (10-160 mg) and oxazepam (30-480 mg) were studied in volunteers with histories of drug abuse. Oral doses were administered every third day under double-blind and counterbalanced conditions. Dose-effects with area under the time-action curve data (AUC) showed diazepam to be 2.6-5.7-times more potent than oxazepam on various psychomotor, cognitive, staff-rated, and subjective measures. Comparison of relative potencies showed diazepam to be relatively more potent in producing 'liking' than in producing psychomotor and cognitive effects. Diazepam produced greater peak effects than oxazepam on a number of staff- and subject-rated measures, including liking. Onset of effect was more rapid and time to maximal effect was shorter (1-2 h versus 4-12 h) with diazepam than oxazepam, while time to offset of effect was similar for the two drugs. Diazepam was categorized as producing barbiturate-like subjective effects (38.3%) more frequently than was oxazepam (13.8%), while oxazepam was identified as placebo more often than diazepam. Repeated administration of 160 mg diazepam and 480 mg oxazepam showed that AUC liking was greater for diazepam than oxazepam and that tolerance to psychomotor and cognitive effects occurred with oxazepam but not diazepam. This study suggests that diazepam may have a higher abuse liability than oxazepam.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-154
Number of pages8
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume84
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 1984
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Abuse liability
  • Diazepam
  • Drug abuse
  • Humans
  • Oxazepam
  • Psychomotor effects
  • Relative potency
  • Subjective effects
  • Time course
  • Tolerance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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