Relationship between androstenedione-induced myometrial contractions and platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase in late gestation in pregnant rhesus monkeys

Dino A. Giussani, John E. Parks, Shelley R. Hough, Susan L. Jenkins, James A. Winter, Peter W. Nathanielsz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

An association between platelet-activating factor (PAF) and myometrial contractions has been established. Estrogens regulate PAF activity via reduction in the activity of plasma PAF acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH), the enzyme that catalyzes PAF inactivation. Administration of androstenedione to pregnant monkeys leads to sustained increases in maternal plasma estradiol (E2), with persistent nocturnal myometrial contractions. The present study tested the hypothesis that androstenedione-induced contractions are associated with a fall in maternal plasma PAF-AH activity in monkeys. Eight monkeys (132-136 days gestation, dGA) were instrumented under halothane anesthesia with maternal vascular catheters and uterine electromyogram electrodes. At 138-142 dGA, two baseline maternal arterial samples were taken for E2 and PAF-AH measurements. The following day a continuous i.v. androstenedione infusion was started in 4 monkeys while 4 control monkeys received i.v. infusions of vehicle alone. Arterial blood sampling was repeated 1 and 3 days after the start of either infusion. Despite an increase in maternal E2 to term levels and established myometrial contractions, no change in maternal plasma PAF-AH activity occurred after androstenedione treatment. Maternal plasma E2, PAF-AH activity, and contractions remained unchanged from baseline in control monkeys. In conclusion, androstenedione-induced increases in maternal plasma E2 and myometrial contractions are not associated with a fall in maternal plasma PAF-AH specific activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-252
Number of pages6
JournalBiology of reproduction
Volume56
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Cell Biology

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