Relations of arterial stiffness and endothelial dysfunction with incident venous thromboembolism

Darae Ko, Sarah R. Preis, Andrew D. Johnson, Ramachandran S. Vasan, Emelia J. Benjamin, Naomi M. Hamburg, Gary F. Mitchell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Introduction: Association between arterial vascular dysfunction and risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is uncertain. We determined the associations between comprehensive measures of arterial vascular function and risk of incident VTE in a community-based cohort study with robust longitudinal follow-up. Materials and methods: In the Framingham Heart Study Original, Offspring, Third Generation, and Omni cohorts, we measured carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity and central pulse pressure (n = 8261, age 51.5 ± 15.5 years, 54% women), flow-mediated dilation and hyperemic velocity (n = 6540, age 47.9 ± 14.1 years, 54% women), and peripheral arterial tonometry ratio (n = 4998, age 54.3 ± 16.0 years, 52% women). Deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism were diagnosed with imaging studies and adjudicated by three Framingham Heart Study physicians. Results and conclusions: The rate of incident VTE was 1.6–2.1 per 1000 person-years during mean follow-up of 8.5–11.2 years. In age- and sex-adjusted Cox proportional hazards regression models, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity was associated with increased risk of VTE (HR 1.32, 95% CI 1.05–1.66, p = 0.02), however the association was no longer statistically significant after multivariable adjustment (HR 1.24, 95% CI 0.96–1.61, p = 0.10). None of the other vascular variables were associated with the risk of VTE in any of the models. In our comprehensive examination of arterial vascular function and risk of VTE, we did not observe any association between select arterial function measures and risk of VTE after multivariable adjustment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)108-113
Number of pages6
JournalThrombosis Research
StatePublished - Aug 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Arterial stiffness
  • Endothelial function
  • Venous thromboembolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology


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