Relation of High-sensitivity Cardiac Troponin I Elevation With Exercise to Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease

Bruno B. Lima, Muhammad Hammadah, Jeong Hwan Kim, Irina Uphoff, Amit Shah, Oleksiy Levantsevych, Zakaria Almuwaqqat, Kasra Moazzami, Samaah Sullivan, Laura Ward, Yan Sun, Michael Kutner, Yi An Ko, David S. Sheps, Agim Beshiri, Gillian Murtagh, J. Douglas Bremner, Viola Vaccarino, Arshed A. Quyyumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

High sensitive cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) increases with inducible myocardial ischemia in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). We aimed to assess if the change in hs-cTnI levels with exercise stress testing is associated with major adverse cardiac events (MACE). A cohort of 365 (age 62 ± 9 years, 77% men) patients with stable CAD underwent 99mTc sestamibi myocardial perfusion imaging with treadmill testing. Plasma hs-cTnI level was measured at rest and at 45 min after stress. Multivariable Fine & Gray's subdistribution hazards models were used to determine the association between the change in hs-cTnI and MACE, a composite end point of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and unstable angina requiring revascularization. During a median follow-up of 3 years, 39 (11%) patients experienced MACE. After adjustment, for each two-fold increment in hs-cTnI with stress, there was a 2.2 (95% confidence interval 1.3-3.6)-fold increase in the hazard for MACE. Presence of both a high resting hs-cTnI level (>median) and ≥ 20% stress-induced hs-cTnI elevation was associated with the highest incidence of MACE (subdistribution hazards models 4.6, 95% confidence interval 1.6 to 13.0) compared with low levels of both. Risk discrimination statistics significantly improved after addition of resting and change in hs-cTnI levels to a model including traditional risk factors and inducible ischemia (0.67 to 0.71). Conversely, adding inducible ischemia by SPECT did not significantly improve the C-statistic from a model including traditional risk factors, baseline and change in hs-cTnI (0.70 to 0.71). In stable CAD patients, higher resting levels and elevation of hs-cTnI with exercise are predictors of adverse cardiovascular outcomes beyond traditional cardiovascular risk factors and presence of inducible ischemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume136
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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