Reinforcement magnitude modulates the rate-dependent effects of fluvoxamine and desipramine on fixed-interval responding in the pigeon

Richard J Lamb, Brett C Ginsburg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Some doses of fluvoxamine can decrease ethanol-maintained behavior more than food-maintained behavior. This might be explained by differences in reinforcement magnitude. In a previous study, the effects of fluvoxamine on fixed-ratio responding did not depend upon reinforcement magnitude. Response rates, however, differed with reinforcement magnitude. These differences in response rates might explain the failure to observe differences in the potency of fluvoxamine with changes in reinforcement magnitude. In this study, we examined whether the effects of fluvoxamine and desipramine depended on the reinforcement magnitude and response rate, by administering these drugs to pigeons responding under a multiple fixed-interval schedule, in which responding in three components was maintained by differing durations of food presentation (2, 4, and 8s). The effects of fluvoxamine and desipramine depended jointly on control rate, reinforcement magnitude, and dose. Low fluvoxamine doses had rate-dependent effects in all three components, increasing lower rates more than higher rates: as dose increased, these rate-dependent effects became greater in the components maintained by the 2-s or 4-s food presentation; whereas, in the component maintained by the 8-s presentations, they declined. Low desipramine doses had rate-dependent effects only in the component maintained by the 2-s presentations, whereas higher doses had rate-dependent effects in components maintained by 2-s or 4-s presentations. Still higher doses had rate-dependent effects in all the three components. Although the effects of fluvoxamine and desipramine might not depend on reinforcement magnitude when studied under fixed-ratio schedules, reinforcement magnitude can modulate their effects when they are studied over a wider range of control response rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-60
Number of pages10
JournalBehavioural Pharmacology
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2008

Fingerprint

Fluvoxamine
Desipramine
Columbidae
Food
Reinforcement Schedule
Reinforcement (Psychology)
Appointments and Schedules
Ethanol
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • Desipramine
  • Fixed interval
  • Fluvoxamine
  • Pigeon
  • Rate dependency
  • Reinforcement magnitude

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

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title = "Reinforcement magnitude modulates the rate-dependent effects of fluvoxamine and desipramine on fixed-interval responding in the pigeon",
abstract = "Some doses of fluvoxamine can decrease ethanol-maintained behavior more than food-maintained behavior. This might be explained by differences in reinforcement magnitude. In a previous study, the effects of fluvoxamine on fixed-ratio responding did not depend upon reinforcement magnitude. Response rates, however, differed with reinforcement magnitude. These differences in response rates might explain the failure to observe differences in the potency of fluvoxamine with changes in reinforcement magnitude. In this study, we examined whether the effects of fluvoxamine and desipramine depended on the reinforcement magnitude and response rate, by administering these drugs to pigeons responding under a multiple fixed-interval schedule, in which responding in three components was maintained by differing durations of food presentation (2, 4, and 8s). The effects of fluvoxamine and desipramine depended jointly on control rate, reinforcement magnitude, and dose. Low fluvoxamine doses had rate-dependent effects in all three components, increasing lower rates more than higher rates: as dose increased, these rate-dependent effects became greater in the components maintained by the 2-s or 4-s food presentation; whereas, in the component maintained by the 8-s presentations, they declined. Low desipramine doses had rate-dependent effects only in the component maintained by the 2-s presentations, whereas higher doses had rate-dependent effects in components maintained by 2-s or 4-s presentations. Still higher doses had rate-dependent effects in all the three components. Although the effects of fluvoxamine and desipramine might not depend on reinforcement magnitude when studied under fixed-ratio schedules, reinforcement magnitude can modulate their effects when they are studied over a wider range of control response rates.",
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N2 - Some doses of fluvoxamine can decrease ethanol-maintained behavior more than food-maintained behavior. This might be explained by differences in reinforcement magnitude. In a previous study, the effects of fluvoxamine on fixed-ratio responding did not depend upon reinforcement magnitude. Response rates, however, differed with reinforcement magnitude. These differences in response rates might explain the failure to observe differences in the potency of fluvoxamine with changes in reinforcement magnitude. In this study, we examined whether the effects of fluvoxamine and desipramine depended on the reinforcement magnitude and response rate, by administering these drugs to pigeons responding under a multiple fixed-interval schedule, in which responding in three components was maintained by differing durations of food presentation (2, 4, and 8s). The effects of fluvoxamine and desipramine depended jointly on control rate, reinforcement magnitude, and dose. Low fluvoxamine doses had rate-dependent effects in all three components, increasing lower rates more than higher rates: as dose increased, these rate-dependent effects became greater in the components maintained by the 2-s or 4-s food presentation; whereas, in the component maintained by the 8-s presentations, they declined. Low desipramine doses had rate-dependent effects only in the component maintained by the 2-s presentations, whereas higher doses had rate-dependent effects in components maintained by 2-s or 4-s presentations. Still higher doses had rate-dependent effects in all the three components. Although the effects of fluvoxamine and desipramine might not depend on reinforcement magnitude when studied under fixed-ratio schedules, reinforcement magnitude can modulate their effects when they are studied over a wider range of control response rates.

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