Regulation of the norepinephrine transporter by chronic administration of antidepressants

Saloua Benmansour, Alfonso V. Altamirano, David J. Jones, Teresa A. Sanchez, Georgianna G. Gould, Marie Christine Pardon, David A. Morilak, Alan Frazer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Downregulation of serotonin transporter was observed previously after chronic treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) but not selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (NRIs). This study investigated if chronic treatment of rats with selective NRIs or SSRIs also affected the norepinephrine transporter (NET). Methods: Rats were treated for 3 to 6 weeks by osmotic minipumps with either the selective NRIs, desipramine, or the SSRI paroxetine. Results: [3H]nisoxetine binding sites as well as [3H]norepinephrine uptake were decreased in hippocampus and cortex after treatment with desipramine. By contrast, paroxetine-treated rats showed no alteration in either [3H]nisoxetine binding or [ 3H]norepinephrine uptake. NET messenger RNA levels in the locus coeruleus were unchanged by desipramine treatment. Conclusions: These results demonstrate that the marked decrease in NET density 1) is not a consequence of a decrease in gene expression; 2) was caused only by a selective NRI; and 3) was associated with a parallel decrease in norepinephrine uptake.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-316
Number of pages4
JournalBiological Psychiatry
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2004

Keywords

  • Antidepressant
  • Desipramine
  • Nisoxetine binding
  • Norepinephrine transporter
  • Norepinephrine uptake
  • Paroxetine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biological Psychiatry

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