Regulation of phenylalanine hydroxylase: Conformational changes upon phosphorylation detected by H/D exchange and mass spectrometry

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase catalyzes the hydroxylation of excess phenylalanine in the liver to tyrosine. The enzyme is regulated allosterically by phenylalanine and by phosphorylation of Ser16. Hydrogen/deuterium exchange monitored by mass spectrometry has been used to gain insight into any structural change upon phosphorylation. Peptides in both the catalytic and regulatory domains show increased deuterium incorporation into the phosphorylated protein. Deuterium is incorporated into fewer peptides than when the enzyme is activated by phenylalanine, and the incorporation is slower. This establishes that the conformational change upon phosphorylation of phenylalanine hydroxylase is different from and less extensive than that upon phenylalanine activation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-119
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume535
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Phenylalanine Hydroxylase
Phosphorylation
Phenylalanine
Mass spectrometry
Deuterium
Mass Spectrometry
Enzymes
Hydroxylation
Peptides
Liver
Tyrosine
Hydrogen
Catalytic Domain
Chemical activation
Proteins

Keywords

  • Allostery
  • Hydrogen-deuterium exchange
  • Phenylalanine hydroxylase
  • Phosphorylation
  • Regulation
  • Structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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title = "Regulation of phenylalanine hydroxylase: Conformational changes upon phosphorylation detected by H/D exchange and mass spectrometry",
abstract = "The enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase catalyzes the hydroxylation of excess phenylalanine in the liver to tyrosine. The enzyme is regulated allosterically by phenylalanine and by phosphorylation of Ser16. Hydrogen/deuterium exchange monitored by mass spectrometry has been used to gain insight into any structural change upon phosphorylation. Peptides in both the catalytic and regulatory domains show increased deuterium incorporation into the phosphorylated protein. Deuterium is incorporated into fewer peptides than when the enzyme is activated by phenylalanine, and the incorporation is slower. This establishes that the conformational change upon phosphorylation of phenylalanine hydroxylase is different from and less extensive than that upon phenylalanine activation.",
keywords = "Allostery, Hydrogen-deuterium exchange, Phenylalanine hydroxylase, Phosphorylation, Regulation, Structure",
author = "Jun Li and Fitzpatrick, {Paul F}",
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T1 - Regulation of phenylalanine hydroxylase

T2 - Conformational changes upon phosphorylation detected by H/D exchange and mass spectrometry

AU - Li, Jun

AU - Fitzpatrick, Paul F

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase catalyzes the hydroxylation of excess phenylalanine in the liver to tyrosine. The enzyme is regulated allosterically by phenylalanine and by phosphorylation of Ser16. Hydrogen/deuterium exchange monitored by mass spectrometry has been used to gain insight into any structural change upon phosphorylation. Peptides in both the catalytic and regulatory domains show increased deuterium incorporation into the phosphorylated protein. Deuterium is incorporated into fewer peptides than when the enzyme is activated by phenylalanine, and the incorporation is slower. This establishes that the conformational change upon phosphorylation of phenylalanine hydroxylase is different from and less extensive than that upon phenylalanine activation.

AB - The enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase catalyzes the hydroxylation of excess phenylalanine in the liver to tyrosine. The enzyme is regulated allosterically by phenylalanine and by phosphorylation of Ser16. Hydrogen/deuterium exchange monitored by mass spectrometry has been used to gain insight into any structural change upon phosphorylation. Peptides in both the catalytic and regulatory domains show increased deuterium incorporation into the phosphorylated protein. Deuterium is incorporated into fewer peptides than when the enzyme is activated by phenylalanine, and the incorporation is slower. This establishes that the conformational change upon phosphorylation of phenylalanine hydroxylase is different from and less extensive than that upon phenylalanine activation.

KW - Allostery

KW - Hydrogen-deuterium exchange

KW - Phenylalanine hydroxylase

KW - Phosphorylation

KW - Regulation

KW - Structure

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