Regulation of nuclear transport and degradation of the Xenopus cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, p27Xic1

L. C. Chuang, P. Renee Yew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


The regulation of the vertebrate cell cycle is controlled by the fiuction of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs), cyclins, and CDK inhibitors. The Xenopus laevis kinase inhibitor, p27Xic1 (Xic1) is a member of the p21Cip1/p27Kip1/p57Kip2 CDK inhibitor family and inhibits CDK2-cyclin E in vitro as well as DNA replication in Xenopus egg extracts. Xic1 is targeted for degradation in interphase extracts in a manner dependent on both the ubiquitin conjugating enzyme, Cdc34, and nuclei. Here we show that ubiquitination of Xic1 occurs exclusively in the nucleus and that nuclear localization of Xic1 is necessary for its degradation. We find that Xic1 nuclear localization is independently mediated by binding to CDK2-cyclin E and by nuclear localization sequences within the C terminus of Xic1. Our results also indicate that binding of Xic1 to CDK2-cyclin E is dispensable for Xic1 ubiquitination and degradation. Moreover, we show that amino acids 180-183 of Xic1 are critical determinants of Xic1 degradation. This region of Xic1 may define a motif of Xic1 essential for recognition by the ubiquitin conjugation machinery or For binding an alternate protein required for degradation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1610-1617
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 12 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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