Refinement and validation of the student perceptions of physician-pharmacist interprofessional clinical education instrument

Joseph A. Zorek, David S. Fike, Jens C. Eickhoff, Jeffrey A. Engle, Eric J. Maclaughlin, Daniel G. Dominguez, Christine S. Seibert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. To refine the Student Perceptions of Physician-Pharmacist Interprofessional Clinical Education (SPICE) instrument to address deficiencies observed in previous studies and to demonstrate external validity and reliability of the refined instrument in a broad population of medical and pharmacy students. Methods. The original SPICE instrument plus four pilot items generated via cognitive interviewing of students was administered to 1708 medical and pharmacy students at five academic institutions. Exploratory factor analysis was used to identify candidate model structures and evaluate their psychometric properties. Results. An improved version of the instrument was created (SPICE 2) by incorporating three pilot items and removing three original items. Validity and reliability were demonstrated. Conclusion. The SPICE 2 instrument addresses the limitations observed to date in model structure while increasing its utility. The authors recommend use of the SPICE 2 instrument moving forward.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number47
JournalAmerican journal of pharmaceutical education
Volume80
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Exploratory factor analysis
  • Instrument validation
  • Interprofessional education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Refinement and validation of the student perceptions of physician-pharmacist interprofessional clinical education instrument'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this