Universal newborn eye screening facilitates early diagnosis of ocular abnormalities and mitigates vision loss. “Referral warranted” eye disease is present at birth in about 5.5% of term infants, with “macular hemorrhage impinging on the fovea” representing about 50% of referral warranted disease. The Association of Pediatric Retina Surgeons held a symposium on February 9, 2021 that culminated in a position statement on “referable macular hemorrhage” (RMH) in newborn infants. RMH is meaningful in that in can cause amblyopia through deprivation, can be readily captured with wide-angle photography in a safe and efficient manner, and may lead to early intervention with mitigation of vision loss.
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