Redundancy in tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and lymphotoxin (LT) signaling in vivo: Mice with inactivation of the entire TNF/LT locus versus single-knockout mice

Dmitry V. Kuprash, Marat B. Alimzhanov, Alexei V. Tumanov, Sergei I. Grivennikov, Alexander N. Shakhov, Ludmila N. Drutskaya, Michael W. Marino, Regina L. Turetskaya, Arthur O. Anderson, Klaus Rajewsky, Klaus Pfeffer, Sergei A. Nedospasov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

Homologous genes and gene products often have redundant physiological functions. Members of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family of cytokines can signal activation, proliferation, differentiation, costimulation, inhibition, or cell death, depending on the type and status of the target cell. TNF, lymphotoxin α (LTα), and LTβ form a subfamily of a larger family of TNF-related ligands with their genes being linked within a compact 12-kb cluster inside the major histocompatibility complex locus. Singly TNF-, LTα-, and LTβ-deficient mice share several phenotypic features, suggesting that TNF/LT signaling pathways may regulate overlapping sets of target genes. In order to directly address the issue of redundancy of TNF/LT signaling, we used the Cre-loxP recombination system to create mice with a deletion of the entire TNF/LT locus. Mice with a triple LTβ/TNF/LTα deficiency essentially manifest a combination of LT and TNF single-knockout phenotypes, except for microarchitecture of the spleen, where the disorder of lymphoid cell positioning and functional T- and B-cell compartmentalization is severer than that found in TNF or LT single-knockout mice. Thus, our data support the notion that TNF and LT have largely nonredundant functions in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8626-8634
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume22
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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