Reduction of mitochondrial H2O2 by overexpressing peroxiredoxin 3 improves glucose tolerance in mice

Liuji Chen, Ren Na, Mingjun Gu, Adam B. Salmon, Yuhong Liu, Hanyu Liang, Wenbo Qi, Holly Van Remmen, Arlan Richardson, Qitao Ran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Scopus citations

Abstract

H2O2 is a major reactive oxygen species produced by mitochondria that is implicated to be important in aging and pathogenesis of diseases such as diabetes; however, the cellular and physiological roles of mitochondrial H2O2 remain poorly understood. Peroxiredoxin 3 (Prdx3/Prx3) is a thioredoxin peroxidase localized in mitochondria. To understand the cellular and physiological roles of mitochondrial H2O2 in aging and pathogenesis of age-associated diseases, we generated transgenic mice overexpressing Prdx3 (Tg(PRDX3) mice). Tg(PRDX3) mice overexpress Prdx3 in a broad range of tissues, and the Prdx3 overexpression occurs exclusively in the mitochondria. As a result of increased Prdx3 expression, mitochondria from Tg(PRDX3) mice produce significantly reduced amount of H2O2, and cells from Tg(PRDX3) mice have increased resistance to stress-induced cell death and apoptosis. Interestingly, Tg(PRDX3) mice show improved glucose homeostasis, as evidenced by their reduced levels of blood glucose and increased glucose clearance. Tg(PRDX3) mice are also protected against hyperglycemia and glucose intolerance induced by high-fat diet feeding. Our results further show that the inhibition of GSK3 may play a role in mediating the improved glucose tolerance phenotype in Tg(PRDX3) mice. Thus, our results indicate that reduction of mitochondrial H2 O2 by overexpressing Prdx3 improves glucose tolerance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)866-878
Number of pages13
JournalAging cell
Volume7
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 3 2008

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Keywords

  • Aging
  • Diabetes
  • Mitochondria
  • Oxidative stress
  • Peroxiredoxin 3
  • Reactive oxygen species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Cell Biology

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