Reduction mammaplasty using the inferior glandular “pyramid” pedicle: Experiences with 300 patients

William E. Bolger, Alan E. Seyfer, Stanley M. Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


A comprehensive review of 300 patients undergoing reduction mammaplasty (576 breasts) based on an inferior glandular pedicle is presented. The average age was 31.7 years, weight 146.6 lbs., and the amount of tissue removed 1313.6 gm. No deepithelialization of the skin was performed, and average operating time was 174 minutes. The average distance the nipple-areola complex was moved was 12 cm, with the longest being 22.5 cm. Fifty-seven percent had fibrocystic mastopathy on histologic analysis, and no malignancies were found, even in patients who had undergone a previous mastectomy for breast carcinoma. The most common complication (3.1 percent) was minor suture line necrosis along the inframammary crease. All healed without intervention. There was no necrosis or sensory loss to the nipple-areola complex in any patient, and cosmesis was excellent. The analysis also showed that the use of epinephrine, injected subcutaneously just prior to the operation, significantly decreased intraoperative blood loss (p < 0.0005), regardless of the amount of tissue removed, and eliminated the need for transfusions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-84
Number of pages10
JournalPlastic and reconstructive surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1987
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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