Reducing alcohol consumption to minimize weight gain and facilitate smoking cessation among military beneficiaries

Mark B. Sobell, Alan L. Peterson, Linda Carter Sobell, Antoinette Brundige, Christopher M. Hunter, Christine M. Hunter, Jeffrey L. Goodie, Sangeeta Agrawal, Ann S. Hrysko-Mullen, William C. Isler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction Smoking cessation-related weight gain can have significant negative health and career consequences for military personnel. Alcohol reduction combined with smoking cessation may decrease weight gain and relapse. Method A randomized clinical trial of military beneficiaries compared a standard smoking cessation (i.e., brief informational) intervention (N = 159), with a brief motivational smoking cessation intervention that emphasized reduced drinking to lessen caloric intake and minimize weight gain (N = 158). Results Participants who received the motivational intervention were significantly more likely to quit smoking at the 3-month follow-up (p = 0.02), but the differences were not maintained at 6 (p = 0.18) or 12 months (p = 0.16). Neither weight change nor alcohol reduction distinguished the 2 groups. Smoking cessation rates at 12 months (motivational group = 32.91%, informational group = 25.79%) were comparable to previous studies, but successful cessation was not mediated by reduced drinking. Conclusions Alcohol reduction combined with smoking cessation did not result in decreased weight gain or improved outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-151
Number of pages7
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume75
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Alcohol consumption
  • Military
  • Tobacco cessation
  • Weight gain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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