Reduced mitochondrial ROS, enhanced antioxidant defense, and distinct age-related changes in oxidative damage in muscles of long-lived Peromyscus leucopus

Yun Shi, Daniel A. Pulliam, Yuhong Liu, Ryan T. Hamilton, Amanda L. Jernigan, Arunabh Bhattacharya, Lauren B. Sloane, Wenbo Qi, Asish Chaudhuri, Rochelle Buffenstein, Zoltan Ungvari, Steven N. Austad, Holly van Remmen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Comparing biological processes in closely related species with divergent life spans is a powerful approach to study mechanisms of aging. The oxidative stress hypothesis of aging predicts that longer-lived species would have lower reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and/or an increased antioxidant capacity, resulting in reduced oxidative damage with age than in shorter-lived species. In this study, we measured ROS generation in the young adult animals of the long-lived white-footed mouse, Peromyscus leucopus (maximal life span potential, MLSP = 8 yr) and the common laboratory mouse, Mus musculus (C57BL/6J strain; MLSP = 3.5 yr). Consistent with the hypothesis, our results show that skeletal muscle mitochondria from adult P. leucopus produce less ROS (superoxide and hydrogen peroxide) compared with M. musculus. Additionally, P. leucopus has an increase in the activity of antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase 1, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase 1 at young age. P. leucopus compared with M. musculus display low levels of lipid peroxidation (isoprostanes) throughout life; however, P. leucopus although having elevated protein carbonyls at a young age, the accrual of protein oxidation with age is minimal in contrast to the linear increase in M. musculus. Altogether, the results from young animals are in agreement with the predictions of the oxidative stress hypothesis of aging with the exception of protein carbonyls. Nonetheless, the age-dependent increase in protein carbonyls is more pronounced in short-lived M. musculus, which supports enhanced protein homeostasis in longlived P. leucopus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R343-R355
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume304
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Comparative biology of aging
  • Mitochondria
  • Oxidative damage
  • Peromyscus leucopus
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Skeletal muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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