Recurrent stillbirth: Significance and characteristics

A. Samueloff, E. M.J. Xenakis, M. D. Berkus, R. W. Huff, O. Langer

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Abstract

We sought to identify the significance of recurrent stillbirth and to determine the contributory etiologic factors for this phenomenon. Data were analyzed and retrospective chart review conducted for all stillbirths occurring during a 13-year period. Subjects were divided into two groups: those for whom the current stillbirth was the first and those who had had a previous stillbirth. The study included 48,479 consecutive multiparous women, of whom 403 had delivered stillborn infants (8.31/1,000 live births). For 34 of these subjects, this represented a recurrent stillbirth (84.36/1,000 live births). The recurrent-stillbirth group had a 10.15-fold higher risk for stillbirth. Additionally, this group had a twofold higher incidence of diabetes and hypertensive disease than did those women experiencing their first stillbirths; furthermore, the gestational age and birth weight of the stillborn infants were significantly lower in the recurrent-stillbirth group (P < .0004 and < .007, respectively). Such factors as socioeconomic class, chorioamnionitis and erythroblastosis fetalis, traditionally cited as contributing to repeated fetal loss, were not significant. Although recurrent stillbirth remains an unsolved problem, improving health care to specific groups within high-risk populations may reduce fetal loss.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)883-886
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Reproductive Medicine for the Obstetrician and Gynecologist
Volume38
Issue number11
StatePublished - Dec 1 1993

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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