Recovery of sperm production following radiation therapy for Hodgkin's disease after induction chemotherapy with mitoxantrone, vincristine, vinblastine, and prednisone (NOVP)

Praveen Dubey, Gene Wilson, Kevin K. Mathur, Frederick B. Hagemeister, Lillian M. Fuller, Chul S. Ha, James D. Cox, Marvin L. Meistrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The effect on human male fertility of radiotherapy following chemotherapy for the treatment of Hodgkin's disease (HD) is unknown. The impact of radiation therapy, given after mitoxantrone, vincristine, vinblastine, and predinose (NOVP) chemotherapy, on sperm production is the focus of this study. Patients: Serial semen analyses were performed on 34 patients with HD Stages I-III before NOVP chemotherapy, after chemotherapy prior to radiation, and after radiation therapy. The most inferior radiation portals for patients were: mantle, 1 patient; paraaortic-spleen, 3 patients; upper abdomen, 24 patients; abdominal spade, 4 patients; and pelvic, 2 patients. Testicular radiation dose measurements were available for 20 of these patients. Results: Before the start of radiation, 90% of patients were normospermic. The magnitude of the decline in sperm counts was related to the measured testicular dose and/or radiation fields employed. The minimum postradiotherapy counts, expressed as a fraction of pretreatment counts, for the various treatment groups are as follows: paraaortic-spleen, 20%; upper abdomen, testicular dose < 30 cGy, 4%; upper abdomen, testicular dose 30-39 cGy, 0.9%; abdominal spade, 0.02%; and pelvis, 0%. The time to nadir of sperm counts averaged 4.5 months. Recovery to normospermic levels occurred in 96% of patients, with most recovering to that level within 18 months. Conclusion: The effect of radiation following NOVP chemotherapy on sperm counts was no greater than would be expected with radiation therapy alone. In most patients, sperm counts recovered to levels compatible with normal fertility. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)609-617
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2000

Keywords

  • Fertility
  • Gonadal radiation
  • Induction chemotherapy
  • Lymphoma
  • Spermatogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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