Reconstruction of bone using calcium phosphate bone cements: A critical review

John P. Schmitz, Jeffrey O. Hollinger, Stephen B. Milam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

183 Scopus citations


The calcium phosphate cements (CPCs) are rapidly emerging as a new technology in craniofacial surgery and will soon impact many areas of orthopedic and maxillofacial reconstructive surgery as well. These materials are, in many ways, substantially different from the previously marketed dense, crystalline, hydroxyapatite (HA) ceramic materials of the 1980s. The CPCs are blends of amorphous and crystalline calcium phosphate compounds and set to produce HA. These materials 1) have x-ray diffraction spectra similar to the mineral phase of bone, 2) set endothermically at body temperature, 3) are capable of being injected into fractures or bone defects, 4) have compressive strengths equal to or greater than bone, 5) form chemical bonds to the host bone, and 6) may exhibit osteoconductive properties. This review provides an overall commentary on the different types of CPCs, emphasizing those materials currently on the market or soon to emerge in the marketplace.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1122-1126
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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